Yesterday I met with Mrs. Aflatooni, the librarian at Ed White Middle School, to discuss how we could use the iPads to support a study on African American cowboys in Mr. Greeen’s 7th grade Texas History class.
Stations: Multiple stations were already set up to support the study of the Cattle Kingdom, Cattle Trails, and The End of The Open Range:
- Trace the development of the cattle industry from its Spanish beginnings.
- Explain how geographic factors affected the development of the cattle industry,
- Analyze the impact of national markets on the cattle industry in Texas.
- Identify the significance of the cattle drive.
- Describe life along the cattle trail.
- Analyze the effects of barbed wire and the windmill on the ranching industry.
- Identify the myths and realities of the cowhand.
The Task: The original assignment was to read an article on one of the cowboys and either summarize it or answer a couple of questions. We decided that we could definitely access the article via the iPad and I immediately thought of doing a podcast. The original plan (as of yesterday afternoon) was to have students share three interesting facts and 1 item that they would like to know that the article didn’t answer. When I got to Ed White in the morning, Mrs. Aflatooni suggested that the students actually interview each other (one would be the cowboy and the other the interviewer). I jumped on this idea!
Task Card: Students were given a task card that provided them with the following directions:
- Go to http://blackcowboys.com
- Choose one of the following cowboys from the drop-down menu (2nd tab) to read about: (Addison Jones, Bill Pickett, Bose Ikard).
- Compose 3-4 questions (and answers) for the cowboy based on what you read.
- Add one more question that was not answered in the article and answer it as if you were that cowboy).
- With a partner, create an interview to answer these questions using the app iTalk Recorder on the iPad (one person will be the interviewer and one will be the cowboy).
- Email the interview to…
We made sure that we provided a list of cowboys that had enough meat (content) in the article that a student could easily generate 3-4 questions from. Students used the task card handout to script their interview and did a dry run before recording. Students created a general naming convention for the audio files (e.g. Addison Jones period 3) and included their names in the body of the email before it was sent.
Teacher’s Notes and Modifications: Naturally, we came across a few bumps with the first few groups but were able to remedy them for the next class periods.
- Difficulty Reading Article with 1 iPad: I noticed one group had put the iPad between them and were reading the article together with resized text while the other group had one student reading and then dictating to his partner what the questions would be. As we had multiple iPads to use with the groups, I thought it best to make the change to allow each student to use an iPad even though only one would be necessary for the recording.
- Size of File was too large with free version of iTalk to be emailed: I noticed that one group had a 47 second interview and had no problem in emailing it and another had a 41 second interview and was prompted to purchase the full version due to the size of the file. This was an oversight and easy to fix. Students had the option before recording to choose good/better/best and one group had chosen best and the other best. Since the bell was about to ring, I decided to use the voice recording feature on my iPhone to re-record the iPad interview and then email it. The sec
- Background noise was high: Even in the library, the background noise could be a little high so we tried to make sure we could isolate the groups in a corner or a smaller room if possible.
- Some students were not able to finish the article and interview in one class period: If you are limited on time, I suggest creating an additional station for reviewing the article and composing the questions prior to the recording station.
In listening to the final student products, it was interesting to see how the apptivity lent itself to multiple outputs while still essentially covering the same content.
- Some groups asked more than 4 questions.
- Some students customized their voice to pretend to be a cowboy during the recording
- Some groups asked more open-ended questions. (see below)
Interviewer: “Were you born into slavery in Tennessee in 1843?”
Bose Ikard: “Yes.”
Interviewer: “Today I am interviewing Bose Ikard. When were you born Ikard?”.
Bose Ikard: “I was born in 1843.”
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